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Stem Cell Therapy for Knee Osteoarthritis

Stem Cell Therapy for Knee Osteoarthritis

What is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis, the most common form of arthritis, can occur as a result of injury, infection, from being overweight or for some it can be heredity. Knee Osteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage in the joints breaks down causing chronic knee pain, stiffness, and abnormal joint functioning. The knee is the joint where the bones of the upper leg and lower leg meet. The largest joint in the body, the knee moves like a hinge, allowing you to sit, squat, walk or jump. When knee problems arise, they can interfere with almost all your daily activities and certainly compromise your participation in more advanced activities or sports.

Traditionally, treatments have been centered around surgical and pharmaceutical interventions, which are favored by most physicians. Pharmaceuticals have the potential to allow for a temporary pain relief and return to daily activities, but ultimately the cartilage will continue to deteriorate. Knee replacement surgery is often required when the knee joint has reached a point where the pain can no longer be controlled. Surgery should be used as a last resort as it is highly invasive and non-reversible should you achieve less than optimal results.

Most recent research from Saarland University Medical Center in Germany states stem cells have the ability to regrow cartilage, no matter where it comes from, or how it’s used. In April 2017, Chinese doctors published research on their review of the efficacy and safety of mesenchymal stem cell MSCs therapy in knee osteoarthritis treatment. Results demonstrated that MSCs (connective tissue stem cells) administered into the knee remained on the surface of the damaged meniscus and embedded into the cartilage, resulting in the restoration of meniscal tissue.

Prolotherapy is an accurate injection of a non-toxic substance into the injured tissue, which causes a temporary and purposeful therapeutic inflammation. The resultant inflammation initiates a beneficial healing cascade causing an increase in blood supply, growth factors, and stem cells. This eventually produces an increase in collagen that essentially grows stronger tissues and cartilage.

To learn more about regenerative medicine and how it can help your knee osteoarthritis, contact us at Advanced Joint Replacement Center today.